Melasma is generally a pigmentation in the face that appears like brown, blotchy patches. It appears in random areas and sometimes covers the entire area in some severa cases. You will notice some celebrities like Lara Worthington, Molly Sims, Zoe Foster Blake and Jenna Dewan have gone through melasma as well.
The condition is very common among pregnant women, but it is not limited to it. There are many factors that can cause the pigmentation among non-pregnant women but the most common are sunlight, genetic predisposition, medications, contraception, Hypothyroidism and hormonal changes.
Melasma is difficult to treat completely but dermatologists have a number of procedures that they can use in order to manage the appearance of patches on the skin.
A lot get the treatments on the face since it is the most visible part of the body. However, melasma is still very complicated and experts suggest that it is best to address the main cause than just continue to get superficial treatments throughout your lifetime.
Skin pigmentation can be easily treated by procedures that result in the peeling of the outer skin. This in turn leads to the whitening, breaking and fading of the dark patches.
Microneedling is a good option for this as well as the consistent use of chemical and organic peels, and lightening creams.
In terms of treatment, there is a Cosmelan or Dermamelan depigmentation peel. This usually takes a week and involved mild swelling, peeling and redness.
For those who cannot maintain regular diamond microdermabrasion, there are less expensive AHA peels and lightening infusions. These procedures will unify the skin tone and prevent further pigmentation. It is good to know that laser and IPL treatments are not recommended by dermatologists since the heat may lead to further discoloration
Here are a few things you need to know in case you don’t have a personal dermatologist to guide you along.
First, stay away from too much sunlight. Getting natural vitamin D is good but only for about an hour a day during early mornings or late afternoons. Don’t leave the house without wearing a hat or hooded jacket. Overall body protection from sun exposure is necessary.
Second, include sunscreen within your beauty regimen. It may be a body lotion or foundation with SPF, or simply a separate layer of sunscreen lotion. It is also good to invest in good quality make-up that does not cause any type of allergies like those that use mineral or organic ingredients.
For internal treatment, start with vitamin C intake. Citrus fruits are good for the skin. Vitamin A is also a good add-on. Also, detoxification is beneficial in maintaining a good metabolism and clean body. The purer the body, the less likely it will develop any type of skin allergy or ailment.
It is important that you start with a mild regimen and upgrade into a more active routine over time. This allows the skin to keep up and avoid the consequences of over treatment. A more aggressive treatment may include epidermal exfoliation but this should be managed and observed by a professional.